Medieval Images of the Human Body

By the later Middle Ages there was great interest in anatomy and how the body worked. Medieval people made illustrations to explain medical and anatomical issues of human body. The “margin of safety was dangerously narrow between effective anesthesia and death from respiratory depression” (Campbell 39-40). Hence, surgery was not attempted short of cases of life-threatening injuries. The workload of medieval surgeons would increase during war and the Plague.

By the late 15th century the image of Wound Man became popular in medieval medical textbooks. It depict the various different ways someone could get injured in battle or by accident.


The Eye

The 9th century scholar Hunayn ibn Ishaq (809 – 873) wrote extensively about ophthalmology. Throughout the book, Hunayn explains the eye and its anatomy in minute detail; its diseases, their symptoms, their treatments. He discusses the nature of cysts and tumors, and the swelling they cause. He discusses how to treat various corneal ulcers through surgery, and the therapy involved in repairing cataracts. “Ten Treatises on Ophthalmology” demonstrates the skills Hunayn ibn Ishaq had not just as a translator and a physician, but also as a surgeon. This drawing of the eye is based on his works.


For convenience, Hunayn’s works can be divided into those concerning medicine and those dealing with other subjects. Among the medical works are translations of ancient texts, summaries treatises and paraphrases of these texts, and original. For this group treaties. For this area of his activity, consult the section of this article

Johannes de Ketham was a German physician living in Italy at the end of the 15th century. Ketham is known today for producing the monumental Fasciculus Medicinae, which was first published in Venice in 1491. Fasciculus medicinae was the first printed book to contain anatomical illustrations. The text is a collection of short medical treatises edited by Ketham, many of which are from the medieval period. In 1491, an Italian version of his book on anatomy was printed – it contains woodcut illustrations such as this showing a human anatomy about to take place.

Even though the popes looked down upon dissection, they did not mind much the inspection of fatal wounds by experienced physicians. “Although necropsy would not necessarily be implied in such cases, a certain amount of anatomic probing would have to be done” (Kevorkian 35). Such inspections were usually administered (and allowed) in cases of conspicuous circumstances surrounding the deaths of higher priests, popes, or nobility.

An important fact to point out is that the Church not only allowed but actually ordered caesarean sections on dead pregnant women in attempt to save the soul of the unborn infant.

It does really make a good Wolverine cover 🙂



List of Tags that I use


An angel is a supernatural being or spirit found in various religions and mythologies. In Abrahamic religions and Zoroastrianism, angels are often depicted as benevolent celestial beings who act as intermediaries between God or Heaven and Earth, or as guardian spirits or a guiding influence

Works of literature, or a main division of such a work
Books new reading

A codex (in modern usage) is the first information repository that modern people would recognize as a “book”: leaves of uniform size bound in some manner along one edge, and typically held between two covers made of some more robust material.
Also things I would actually be reading…
books-new-reading 2

Although all of them have their historical roots in Christian theology and tradition, and although most would identify themselves as Christian, many would not identify others within the larger category as Christian

Death is the termination of all biological functions that sustain a living organism. Art is a diverse range of human activities and the products of those activities, usually involving imaginative or technical skill. In their most general form these activities include the production of works of art, the criticism of art, the study of the history of art, and the aesthetic dissemination of art.
death 2

The metaphysician attempts to clarify the fundamental notions by which people understand the world, e.g., existence, objects and their properties, space and time, cause and effect, and possibility. A central branch of metaphysics is ontology, the investigation into the basic categories of being and how they relate to each other. Another central branch of metaphysics is cosmology, the study of the origin, fundamental structure, nature, and dynamics of the universe.


A mind is the set of cognitive faculties that enables consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, and memory, a characteristic of humans, but which also may apply to other life forms.

Names can identify a class or category of things, or a single thing, either uniquely, or within a given context. A personal identifies, not necessarily uniquely, a specific individual human

peace also suggests sincere attempts at reconciliation, the existence of healthy or newly healed interpersonal or international relationships, prosperity in matters of social or economic welfare, the establishment of equality, and a working political order that serves the true interests of all.


Philosophy is the study of the general and fundamental nature of reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language


Like the common deck of playing cards, the tarot has four suits (which vary by region, being the French suits in Northern Europe, the Latin suits in Southern Europe, and the German suits in Central Europe). Each of these suits has pip cards numbering from one (or Ace) to ten and four face cards (King, Queen, Knight, and Jack/Knave) for a total of 14 cards. In addition, the tarot has a separate 21-card trump suit and a single card known as the Fool. Depending on the game, the Fool may act as the top trump or may be played to avoid following suit.

Although thought is a fundamental human activity familiar to everyone, there is no generally accepted agreement as to what thought is or how it is created. Somehow, thoughts arise in the mind from the product of subconscious brain processing.

A virtue is a positive trait or quality deemed to be morally good and thus is valued as a foundation of principle and good moral being. Personal virtues are characteristics valued as promoting collective and individual greatness. The opposite of virtue is vice.

Death superstitions

  • A bird in the house is a sign of a death. If a robin flies into a room through a window, death will shortly follow. Light candles on the night after November 1. One for each deceased relative should be placed in the window in the room where death occurred.
  • You must hold your breath while going past a cemetery or you will breathe in the spirit of someone who has recently died.
  • If a clock which has not been working suddenly chimes, there will be a death in the family.

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A study on some photos from the archive led to the conclusion that some contemporary celebrities might actually be immortal or reincarnations of others.
However, the similarities are striking and make us think. Is there progress or go back and forth through time intensive and unknown to us?
The cases presented below are they coincidental or did they really travel through time? take a look and see for yourself!


There are many theories out there why Keanu Reeves looks just like Louis-Maurice Boutet. Some people believe that Reeves is immortal and never ages!

Immortality has been one of mankind’s major concerns, and even though it has been traditionally mainly confined to religious traditions, it is also important to philosophy. Although a wide variety of cultures have believed in some sort of immortality, such beliefs may be reduced to basically three non-exclusive models: (1) the survival of the astral body resembling the physical body; (2) the immortality of the immaterial soul (that is an incorporeal existence); (3) resurrection of the body (or re-embodiment, in case the resurrected person does not keep the same body as at the moment of death). This article examines philosophical arguments for and against the prospect of immortality.

A substantial part of the discussion on immortality touches upon the fundamental question in the philosophy of mind: do souls exist? Dualists believe souls do exist and survive the death of the body; materialists believe mental activity is nothing but cerebral activity and thus death brings the total end of a person’s existence. However, some immortalists believe that, even if immortal souls do not exist, immortality may still be achieved through resurrection.


Marxist revolutionary Leon Trotsky had a very unique look as an older man, but in his younger days he was a dead ringer for actor Andrew Garfield.

De Grey, a Cambridge University researcher, heads the Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence (SENS) project, in which he has defined seven causes of aging, all of which he thinks can be dealt with. (Senescence is scientific jargon for aging.)

I used to be more pessimistic about this than I am now. Five or six years ago I wrote a book in which I predicted that driving would be outlawed because it would be too dangerous to other people, but now I think that what’s actually going to happen is that we’ll just throw money at the problem. Rather than simply avoiding activities that are risky, we’ll make them less risky through technology. For example, it’s perfectly possible already to build cars that are much safer than those which most people currently drive, and it’s also possible to build cars that are safer for pedestrians–with auto sensors and auto braking to stop from hitting a kid running out in the road and things like that.

It’s just a matter of priorities. When there isn’t that many years of life to lose, the priority isn’t there to spend the money. It’s all a matter of weighing out the probabilities.

Once the technology is available, nearly everyone is going to want it. Of course, there’s going to be a minority of people who think it’s better to live more naturally in some way or other. We have parallels like that in society today, like the Amish for example. the rest of the article is here


Chuck Norris looks just like van Gogh in his painting

About Van Gogh:

He was a Dutch artist whose work had a far-reaching influence on 20th-century art. His output includes portraits, self portraits, landscapes and still lifes of cypresses, wheat fields and sunflowers. He drew as a child but did not paint until his late twenties; he completed many of his best-known works during the last two years of his life. In just over a decade, he produced more than 2,100 artworks, including 860 oil paintings and more than 1,300 watercolors, drawings, sketches and prints.

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About Chuck Norris:

Chuck Norris is familiar to fans worldwide as the star of action films such as The Hitman (1991), The Delta Force (1986) and Delta Force 2: The Colombian Connection (1990). He also starred in Missing in Action (1984) and its sequels, Firewalker (1986) and Sidekicks (1992). He was an executive producer of Walker, Texas Ranger (1993) as well as the star.

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More about Red coats

Red coat or Redcoat is a historical term[1] used to refer to soldiers of the British Army because of the red uniforms formerly worn by the majority of regiments. From the mid-17th century to the 19th century, the uniform of most British soldiers, (apart from artillery, rifles and light cavalry), included a madder red coat or coatee. From 1873 onwards, the more vivid shade of scarlet was adopted for all ranks, having previously been worn only by officers, sergeants and all ranks of some cavalry regiments.[2]

more info click here

A little about Nicolas cage

Nicolas Cage was born in Long Beach, California, the son of comparative literature professor August Coppola (a brother of director Francis Ford Coppola) and dancer/choreographer Joy Vogelsang. He is of Italian (father) and German, English, and Polish (mother) descent. Cage changed his name early in his career to make his own reputation

more info click here

It is generally understood that traveling forward or back in time would require a device — a time machine — to take you there. Time machine research often involves bending space-time so far that time lines turn back on themselves to form a loop, technically known as a “closed time-like curve.”


The Doctor’s time machine is the TARDIS, which stands for Time and Relative Dimensions in Space.
Credit: BBCAmerica

Time travel devices:

To accomplish this, time machines often are thought to need an exotic form of matter with so-called “negative energy density.” Such exotic matter has bizarre properties, including moving in the opposite direction of normal matter when pushed. Such matter could theoretically exist, but if it did, it might be present only in quantities too small for the construction of a time machine.

However, time-travel research suggests time machines are possible without exotic matter. The work begins with a doughnut-shaped hole enveloped within a sphere of normal matter. Inside this doughnut-shaped vacuum, space-time could get bent upon itself using focused gravitational fields to form a closed time-like curve. To go back in time, a traveler would race around inside the doughnut, going further back into the past with each lap. This theory has a number of obstacles, however. The gravitational fields required to make such a closed time-like curve would have to be very strong, and manipulating them would have to be very precise find the rest here

And there you have it! What is your take on immorality and celebrities’ zooming through space and time?

leave your thoughts in the comments below